The Rockefeller family
La famiglia Rockefeller
- fonte: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rockefeller_family

The Rockefeller family is an American industrial, political and banking family that made one of the world's largest fortunes in the oil business during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, with John D. Rockefeller and his brother William Rockefeller primarily through Standard Oil.[
The family is also known for its long association with and financial interest in the Chase Manhattan Bank, now part of JPMorgan Chase.

La famiglia Rockefeller è una famiglia politica, industriale e bancaria che ha conseguito una delle più grandi fortune al mondo negli anni a cavallo del 20° secolo, con i fratelli Rockefeller principalmente attraverso la Standard Oil (Oil = petrolio).
La famiglia venne conosciuta a lungo per il suo interesse e associazione nella Chase Manhattan Bank, ora parte della JPMorgan Chase.


Real estate and construction - Costruzione di palazzi
The family was heavily involved in many real estate construction projects in the U.S. during the 20th century. Chief among them:

La famiglia era coinvolta nella costruzione e progetto di palazzi negli U.S durante il 20° secolo. I più importanti tra loro:

- Rockefeller Center, a multi-building complex built at the start of the Depression in Midtown Manhattan, financed solely by the family (= finanziato unicamente dalla famiglia)
- International House of New York, New York City, 1924 (Junior) {Involvement: John D. 3rd, Abby Aldrich, David & Peggy, David Jr., Abby O'Neill}
- Wren Building, College of William and Mary's, Virginia, from 1927 (Renovation funded by Junior = Renovation finanziata da Junior)
- Colonial Williamsburg, Virginia, from 1927 onwards (Junior, Abby Aldrich, John D. 3rd and Winthrop), historical restoration
- Museum of Modern Art, New York City, from 1929 (Abby Aldrich, Junior, Blanchette, Nelson, David, David Jr., Sharon Percy Rockefeller)
- Riverside Church, New York City, 1930 (Junior)
- The Cloisters, New York City, from 1934 (Junior)
- The Interchurch Center, New York City, 1948 (Junior)
- Asia Society (Asia House), New York City, 1956 (John D. 3rd)
- One Chase Manhattan Plaza, New York City, 1961 (David)
- Nelson A. Rockefeller Empire State Plaza, Albany, New York, 1962 (Nelson)
- Lincoln Center, New York City, 1962 (John D. 3rd)
- World Trade Center Twin Towers, New York City, 1973-2001 (David and Nelson)
- The Embarcadero Complex, San Francisco, 1974 (David)
- Council of the Americas/Americas Society, New York City, 1985 (David)

In addition to this is Senior and Junior's involvement in seven major housing developments:

Oltre a questo l'interesse e la collaborazione di Senior e Junior in 7 maggiori sviluppi\complessi di abitazioni:

- Forest Hill Estates, Cleveland, Ohio
- City Housing Corporation's efforts, Sunnyside Gardens, Queens, New York City
- Thomas Garden Apartments, The Bronx, New York City
- Paul Lawrence Dunbar Housing, Harlem, New York City
- Lavoisier Apartments, Manhattan, New York City
- Van Tassel Apartments, Sleepy Hollow, New York (formerly North Tarrytown)
- A development in Radburn, New Jersey

Senior's donations led to the formation of the University of Chicago in 1889, where the first American Nobel Prize in Science was produced in 1907, and notable for the Chicago School of Economics. This was one instance of a long family and Rockefeller Foundation tradition of financially supporting Ivy League and other major colleges and universities over the generations - seventy-five in total. This includes:

Le donazioni di Senior portarono alla formazione dell'Università di Chicago nel 1889, dove il primo premi Nobel Americani nelle Scienze venne prodotto nel 1907 e ragguardevole per la Chicago School of Economics. Questo era un esempio di una tradizione di lunga durata della Fondazione Rockefeller di sostenere finanziariamente la Ivy League e altri maggiori college e università nel corso delle generazioni - 75 in totale. Queste includono:

Harvard University
Dartmouth College
Princeton University
Stanford University
Yale University
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Case Western Reserve University
Brown University
Columbia University
Cornell University
University of Pennsylvania

In parte già elencate nella discussione: "La fondazione Rockefeller".

International politics/finance/economics
Politica\finanza\economia internazionale


The family has been awarded the annual UNA-USA’s Global Leadership Award, along with other recipients over time, including Bill Clinton and Michael Bloomberg. Members of the Rockefeller family into the fourth generation (especially the prominent banker and statesman David Rockefeller, who is the present family patriarch) have been heavily involved in international politics, and have donated money, established or been involved in the following major international institutions:

La famiglia ha ricevuto il riconosciumento dell'annuale UNA-USA’s Global Leadership Award, assieme ad altri riceventi\riconoscimenti nel tempo, assieme a Bill Clinton e Michael Bloomber. I membri della famiglia Rockefeller alla quarta generazione (specialmente il banchiere e uomo di stato di rilievo David Rockefeller che è tutt'ora il patriarca della famiglia) hanno giocato un ruolo importante nella politica internazionale, hanno donato soldi, hanno stabilito o preso parte nelle seguenti maggiori istituzioni internazionali:

- The Council on Foreign Relations - David, David Jr., Nelson, John D. 3rd, John D. IV (Jay), Peggy Dulany, Rockefeller Foundation, Rockefeller Brothers Fund.
- The Trilateral Commission -David , Rockefeller Brothers Fund.
- The Bilderberg Group - David, John D. IV.
- The Asia Society - John D. 3rd, John D. IV, Charles, David.
- The Population Council - John D. 3rd.
- The Council of the Americas - David.
- The Group of Thirty - The Rockefeller Foundation.
- The World Economic Forum - David.
- The Brookings Institution - Junior.
- The Peterson Institute (Formerly the Institute for International Economics) - David, Monica.
- The International Executive Service Corps - David.
- The Institute for Pacific Relations - Junior.
- The League of Nations - Junior.
- The United Nations - Junior, John D. 3rd, Nelson, David, Peggy Dulany, Rockefeller Brothers Fund.
- The United Nations Association - David. Monica.

The family archives
Gli archivi della famiglia


The Rockefeller Archive Center, an independent foundation that was until 2008 a division of Rockefeller University, is a vast three-story underground bunker built below the Martha Baird Rockefeller Hillcrest mansion on the family estate at Pocantico (see Kykuit). Along forty-foot-long walls of shelves on rails, maintained by ten full-time archivists, is the entire repository of personal and official papers and correspondence of the complete family and its members...

In total, it holds over 70 million pages of documents and contains the collections of forty-two scientific, cultural, educational and philanthropic organizations.

L'archivio centrale Rockefeller, una fondazione indipendente che fu, sino al 2008, una divisione della Rockefeller University, è un enorme bunker underground a 3 piani sotto la villa Martha Baird Rockefeller Hillcrest sulla villa\palazo a Pocantico (vedi Kykuit). Con delle mura e piattaforme lunghe 40 piedi su cui scorrono binari, mantenuta da 10 archivisti a tempo pieno, è l'intero magazzino dei giornali ufficiali e peronali e la corrispondenza della famiglia completa e dei suoi membri...

In tutto, detetiene oltre a 70 milioni di pagine di documenti e contiene le collezioni di 42 organizzazioni scientifiche, culturali, educative e filantrope.

Records in the collection are only available up until the early 1960s, generally 1961. Major subjects in the collection include:

I registri nella collezione sono solo disponibili sino ai primi anni del 1960, generalmente 1961. I i maggiori argomenti trattati nella collezione includono:

Agriculture
The Arts
African-American history
Education
International Relations
Economic Development
Labor
Medicine
Philanthropy
Politics
Population
Religion
Social Sciences
Social Welfare
Women's history